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Fitness Trainer and Aerobics Instructor  What They Do

Just the Facts


Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors Career Video



Instructs or coaches groups or individuals in exercise activities. Demonstrates techniques and form, observes participants, and explains to them corrective measures necessary to improve their skills.

This career is part of the Education and Training cluster Teaching and Training pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Offers alternatives during classes to accommodate different levels of fitness.
  • Plans routines, chooses appropriate music, and chooses different movements for each set of muscles, depending on participants' capabilities and limitations.
  • Evaluates individuals' abilities, needs, and physical conditions, and develops suitable training programs to meet any special requirements.
  • Observes participants and informs them of corrective measures necessary for skill improvement.
  • Teaches proper breathing techniques used during physical exertion.
  • Monitors participants' progress and adapts programs as needed.
  • Instructs participants in maintaining exertion levels to maximize benefits from exercise routines.
  • Teaches and demonstrates use of gymnastic and training equipment such as trampolines and weights.
  • Explains and enforces safety rules and regulations governing sports, recreational activities, and the use of exercise equipment.
  • Provides students with information and resources regarding nutrition, weight control, and lifestyle issues.

Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation involves bending or twisting your body more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves making repetitive motions more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves standing more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves walking or running more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Maintaining a body position that prevents falling when in an unstable position
  • Moving the arms, legs and torso together when the whole body is in motion
  • Bending, stretching, twisting, or reaching quickly and repeatedly
  • Using muscles repeatedly or over time without tiring
  • Bending, stretching, twisting, or reaching
  • Seeing clearly at a distance
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person
  • Exerting oneself physically over long periods of time without getting out of breath
  • Lifting, pushing, pulling, or carrying objects
  • Using abdominal and lower back muscles repeatedly or over time without tiring

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours
  • Weekend work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Martial Arts Instructor -- Teaches others the techniques and movements of a range of martial arts such as karate, judo and jiu-jitsu.
  • Personal Trainer -- Provides a comprehensive one-on-one educational fitness program through realistic goal setting and education.
  • Physical Education Instructor -- Instructs students in physical education activities in educational institutions.
  • Indoor Cycling Instructor --
  • Pilates Instructor --
  • Yoga Instructor --