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Coach  What They Do

Just the Facts


Coaches and Scouts Career Video



Instructs or coaches groups or individuals in the fundamentals of sports. Demonstrates techniques and methods of participation. May evaluate athletes' strengths and weaknesses as possible recruits or to improve the athletes' technique to prepare them for competition.

This career is part of the Hospitality & Tourism cluster Recreation, Amusements and Attractions pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Provides training direction, encouragement, motivation, and nutritional advice to prepare athletes for games, competitive events, or tours.
  • Plans, organizes and conducts practice sessions.
  • Explains and enforces safety rules and regulations.
  • Plans and directs physical conditioning programs that will enable athletes to achieve maximum performance.
  • Instructs individuals or groups in sports rules, game strategies, and performance principles, such as specific ways of moving the body, hands, or feet, to achieve desired results.
  • Teaches instructional courses and advises students.
  • Evaluates athletes' skills and reviews performance records to determine their fitness and potential in a particular area of athletics.
  • Monitors athletes' use of equipment to ensure safe and proper use.
  • Adjusts coaching techniques based on the strengths and weaknesses of athletes.
  • Keeps abreast of changing rules, techniques, technologies, and philosophies relevant to their sport.

Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation involves use of protective items such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, a hard hat, or personal flotation devices
  • Exposure to pollutants, gases, dust, fumes, odors, poor ventilation, etc.
  • Conditions are very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F)
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Sound and noise levels are loud and distracting
  • Work in this occupation requires being outside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves standing more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly at a distance
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours
  • Overnight travel
  • Weekend work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Advance Scout -- Watches the teams that their teams are going to play in order to help determine strategy.
  • Athletic Scout -- Travels extensively for the purposes of watching athletes play their chosen sports and determines whether their set of skills and talents represent what is needed by the scout's organization.
  • Baseball Coach -- Organizes and leads a baseball team by planning and organizing practices, signaling strategies during games, giving motivational pre-game speeches and post-game talks and are expected to give their clubs the best possible chance for victory.
  • Basketball Coach -- Directs and strategizes the behavior of a basketball team or individual basketball player.
  • Diving Coach -- Coaches, trains and instructs participants in swimming by analyzing their performances and developing their abilities.
  • Football Coach -- Organizes and leads a football team by planning and organizing practices, signaling strategies during games, giving motivational pre-game speeches and post-game talks and are expected to give their clubs the best possible chance for victory.
  • Gymnastics Coach -- May be responsible for leading and supervising classes with children as young as one years old, safe-proofing the gym area, instructing and demonstrating skills and abilities in gymnastics, developing dynamic lesson plans, training new instructors, and ad
  • Soccer Coach -- Recruits, organizes and directs a soccer team.
  • Swim Coach -- Coaches individuals or teams in competitive swimming activities.
  • Cross Country and Track and Field Coach --
  • Ice Hockey Coach --